Collective agreements may provide improvements to annual holidays
A collective agreement may increase your holidays. Your employment contract will specify if a collective agreement is applied and if it contains provisions on annual holidays or holiday bonuses.
- The Annual Holidays Act is applied to work carried out as part of an employment relationship or a civil service relationship.
- Less advantageous benefits than those provided in the Annual Holidays Act cannot be agreed upon even with the employee's own consent.
- In some of the collective agreements and collective agreements for public servants, better terms than those in the Annual Holidays Act have been agreed upon, however, such as holiday bonuses or longer holidays. The payment of holiday bonuses is not statutory.
- Check your employment contract to see if a collective agreement is applied to you and if the concerned agreement contains provisions on annual holidays or holiday bonuses.
Holiday credit month determines the length of holiday
- The length of annual holiday is determined based on full holiday credit months.
- A calendar month during which an employee has accumulated at least 14 days at work is considered as a full holiday credit month.
- For a part-time employee who does not accumulate 14 days at work in a month, a full holiday credit month is considered to be a calendar month during which the employee has accumulated at least 35 hours at work.
- When calculating the amount of full credit months, annual holiday, maternity, paternity and parental leave as well as paid sick leave, among others, are considered as the equivalent of days at work.
- For the time of full-time lay-off, an employee accumulates a maximum of 30 working days of annual holiday.
Length of annual holiday
- An employee accumulates 2.5 weekdays of holiday each month if the duration of the employment relationship has been at least one year at the end of the holiday credit year (by 31 March). Otherwise, the accrued entitlement is 2 weekdays a month.
- The accrued days of annual holiday are not working days but weekdays, which means that non-public holiday Saturdays are also included in holidays and six days of holiday are expended for a full week of holiday.
- Church festivals, Independence Day, Christmas Eve, Midsummer Eve, Easter Saturday and the First of May are not weekdays. If any of these days is included in an employee's annual holiday, no annual holiday is expended on them. The Annual Holidays Act contains no stipulations on a specific number of Saturdays that should be included in an employee's holiday.
An example of the length of annual holiday:
- The days of holiday to be taken during the holiday season 2 May – 30 September 2012 have been earned between 1 April 2011 and 31 March 2012. If the employment relationship has lasted for at least a year by 31 March 2012, an employee accumulates 2.5 weekdays of holiday for each full holiday credit month (a full holiday credit month = at least 14 days at work). 2.5 x 12 = 30 days of annual holiday.