Competence development as part of employer's personnel planning
Based on the Act on Co-operation within Undertakings, an employer is required to prepare personnel plans. The act obliges employers to plan and anticipate the training needs of its personnel as part of personnel planning. According to law, a personnel plan must be prepared in all companies with at least 20 employees.
The law provides, for example, that the personnel plan and training objectives must take the particular needs of aging employees into account as well as measures and opportunities for the employees to balance work and family life. The purpose of the Act on Co-operation within Undertakings is to promote co-operation between the company and its employees and therefore to create opportunities for dialogue at the workplace.
A development discussion between a superior and an employee is a good way to mutually chart the employee's competence and to agree upon measures with which this competence is developed systematically in the short and long terms. Further information on development discussions at the workplace is available from the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, for example.
Competence development in different sectors
Local government employers has issued a recommendation for competence development (in Finnish) and published the guide "Osaamista kehittämään" (2011; Developing Competence), which can be downloaded here (in Finnish).
An increasing number of structural and operational changes are required from state-sector organisations in order to improve the productivity and efficiency of state government. Further information is available, for example, in the publication Haasteena johtamisen laajentaminen valtionhallinnossa (Edita 2005; "Expansion of Management in State Government"; in Finnish) by the Finnish Ministry of Finance and The Office for the Government as Employer.